A Brief History of Trauma as it Relates to Multiple Personalities and Ritual Abuse Judy Byington, MSW, LCSW, ret.
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- Fred on June 23, 2012 inTrauma

Multiple Personalities generally result from child abuse, where Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is more commonly found in adults who have undergone extreme stress. The underlying problem in both adults and children subjected to prolonged trauma is Dissociation, a disconnect from life events that ranges from excessive daydreaming to Post Traumatic Stress to Multiple Personalities.

Mind-control is a process of subjecting one to torture on a prolonged basis so as to develop nervous disorders, the most common in children being multiple personalities – a  system of brainwashing that was developed by Adolf Hitler during World War II.

1943
Adolf Hitler studied in liaison with Englishman Aleister Crowley, an occultist, mystic, drug addict and keeper of Hidden Knowledge of ancient Mystery Religions. Hitler ordered his German doctors to perfect these satanic methods of mind-control on residents of Nazi concentration camps.

According to Dr. Colin A. Ross, who authored 17 books on multiplicity, dissociation and mind control, a Dr. Green (or Greenbaum) brought these brainwashing methods into the US after World War II via the CIA Project Paperclip.

In 1965 Greenbaum was believed to be Jenny Hill’s (of Twenty-Two Faces, Byington, Tate Publishing: Oklahoma, 2012) master mind-controller who tortured the-then six year-old into multiple personalities. According to Dr. Ross and Ph.D. Corydon Hammond’s eight-year study of International Society for Study of Trauma and Dissociation clients there are other ritual abuse survivors across the nation suffering from this “Green” programming.

1957
The Bestseller Three Faces of Eve (McGraw-Hill) was published and introduced multiple personalities to the public.

1973
The Bestseller Sybil (Henry Regnery) was published and defined child abuse as a common denominator for the formation of alter personalities

1980
The Bestseller Michelle Remembers (St. Martin’s Press) was published and publicized the satanic philosophy of ritual abuse of children as a primary underlying reason behind creation of multiple personalities.

1983
APA psychologists and psychiatrists meet in New York to organize the International Society for Study of Trauma and Dissociation to teach treatment techniques for the large number of mainly women claiming Satanic Ritual Abuse and Multiple Personalities.

The first meeting of the ISSTD was held in 1984 Chicago, where Naomi Mattis, Ph.D., J.D. and who was later to co-chair the Utah Legislative Satanic Ritual Abuse Committee, stated in the Deseret News, “Of the (420) therapists in attendance, around 75% raised their hand when asked if they were treating ritually abused clients.”

1985
In 1985 another global organization, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, was formed. ISTSS held their first meeting in the Netherlands so professionals could share information about the affects of trauma.

1980s Ritual Abuse clients
Bottoms et al. constructed a prototype of 386 cases from the decade of the 1980’s based on the particular features of abuse that clinical psychologists had heard from their clients. They found the following: “The most common feature of ritual cases was “forced sex.” The next most common was “repeated practices.” . . . Also common, however, were abuse by a member of a cult-like group; abuse related to symbols associated with the devil; abuse involving sacrifice or torture of animals; abuse involving excrement or blood; and abuse involving knives, altars, and candles. . . . The least common features of ritualistic cases were abuse related to the breeding of infants for ritual sacrifice, abuse involving cannibalism, child pornography, and amnesic periods or preoccupation with dates. (p. 10).”

1987
Edward W. Lempinen stated in the November 5 1987 San Francisco Chronicle that in the past five years Satanism and cult rituals have been linked to scores of child-molestation cases nationwide, including dozens in California.

1988
The Zion Society case of Ogden, Utah headed by polygamist Arvin Shreeve, becomes the most successfully prosecuted case of cultic crime in the nation’s history according to Lieutenant Mike King, chief detective. Over 150 Zion Society members were found sexually abusing their own children with twelve defendants convicted of major felonies. King went on to be in charge of the Utah Satanic Ritual Abuse investigators and did ritual abuse training across the nation for Homeland Security.

1989
A burned, disemboweled, dismembered body of a four to eight week-old female Hispanic infant was recovered in Rupert, Idaho. The case resulted in Idaho State Legislature passing the Baby X Law, the first in the nation specific to ritualized abuse.

1989-1990
California Office of Criminal Justice Planning Research Update, Special Edition, Winter (1989-1990 Vol. 1, No. 6) detailed studies of ritual abuse investigation across the nation.

“We have recovered ritually killed babies in Connecticut; Bend, Oregon and in Los Angeles.”

“Sandi Gallant, an intelligence officer with the San Francisco police and one of the nation’s most influential experts on cults, cautions that many cases are proving unfounded, though there have been 60 to 70 “solid” cases of ritual sexual abuse in the past few years nationwide.”

1990
Elder Glenn L. Pace, counselor in the presiding bishopric of the LDS Church completes a year-long study by his 12 member committee, reporting that after interviewing over a hundred ritual abuse survivors, “45 members witnessed human sacrifice.”

The LDS Church excommunicated defined perpetrators and turned over their information to the Utah Attorney General. The State had already spent a year surveying therapists and police investigators across the state, finding much the same information as in the LDS report. The state legislature funded hiring of special investigators Matt Jacobsen and Christine Godnick, who are headed by Zion Society investigator Lieutenant Mike King.

1990
ISSTD therapists compiled from reports of their clients what is known as the Occult Calendar of Demonic Holidays: a timetable of celebrations when satanic cults were likely to torture and murder children.

1991
In 1991 Bottoms, Shaver and Goodman did a survey of 2,709 members of the American Psychological Association. It was found that 30 percent had seen cases of ritual or religion- related abuse and 93% of the professionals believed that ritualized abuse occurred. They describe 37 adult patients, all diagnosed with multiple personality disorder (MPD) or dissociative disorder not otherwise specified who reported similar abuses by satanic cults. The article lists ten types of ritual abuse and the percentage of subjects who reported each type: sexual abuse (100%), witnessing and receiving physical abuse/torture (100%), witnessing animal mutilation/killings (100%), death threats (100%), forced drug usage (97%), witnessing and forced participation in human adult and infant sacrifice (83%), forced cannibalism (81%), marriage to Satan (78%), buried alive in coffins or graves (72%), forced impregnation and sacrifice of own child (60%).

The 1991 report by the Los Angeles Commission For Women: Ritual Abuse, Definitions, Glossary and the Use of Mind Control was published.
http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/report-of-the-ritual-abuse-task-force-los-angeles-county-commission-for-women/

1992
Dr. Noblitt (author of Cult and Ritual Abuse, 1995, 2000) reports that, “In a survey of the membership of the ISSTD, [Nancy] Perry concluded that 88% of 1185 respondents reported belief in ritual abuse, involving mind control and programming” (Paper presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, Fort Worth, Texas, March 18, 1998, adapted from Noblitt, 1998; Accessing Dissociated Mental States, referring to Perrys findings published in the International Society for the Study of Multiple Personality and Dissociation Newsletter, 1992, p. 4).

In 1992 Nancy Perry conducted a national survey of therapists who work with clients with dissociative disorders, finding that 88 percent of the 1,185 respondents indicated “belief in ritual abuse, involving mind control and programming.”

Shaffer and Cozolino (1992) interviewed 19 women and one man who reported types and aftereffects of ritualistic abuse consistent with those reported by Young et al. All subjects reported witnessing the murder of animals, infants, children and/or adults. All reported suicidal ideation and half reported suicide attempts. The majority reported severe and sadistic forms of abuse by multiple perpetrators. Some reported continued recontact/revictimization into their adult years.

1992
Corydon Hammond, Ph.D. of the University of Utah Family Practice Clinic delivered “The Greenbaum Speech” at the Annual Eastern Regional Conference on Abuse and Multiple Personality on June 25, 1992 sponsored by the Psychiatric Association, Washington, D.C.

1994
A national survey of 2709 clinical psychologists showed that 30% claimed to have seen at least one case of “ritualistic or religion-based abuse” and 93% of these psychologists believed the harm actually occurred (Goodman, Qin, Bottoms, & Shaver, 1994).

1995 Cult and Ritual Abuse ( Noblitt and Perskins, Praeger; reprint 2000, Robert D. Reed) was published. This book, reprinted several times, is considered the “encyclopedia” of Satanic Ritual Abuse.

1996
Bottoms, Shaver, and Goodman (1996) indicate that the majority of surveyed therapists who have treated at least one alleged survivor believe their clients’ claims of ritual abuse.

1996 Police in Finland discovered a “massive computer library of child pornography that included pictures of torture, mutilation, and cannibalism.”

1996 Authorities in Belgium investigate a possible link between Belgium’s child sex and murder scandal and a self-styled Satanic Order of Abrasax. Police seized 500 video cassettes believed to show hard-core child pornography, computer discs, two human skulls and jars of animal blood. (Sunday Express, 1997 and Sunday Times, 1996)

1997
Van der Hart, Boon, and Heijtmajer (1997) describe reports of SRA in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States; Kent (1997), in Canada; and Schmuttermaier and Veno (1999), in Australia. An organization, Advocates for Survivors of Child Abuse (2006), also includes reports of SRA in Australia.

1998
Becker and Fröhling (1998) caution that (1) a ritual can be staged to make a victim believe that the ideological background is real, i.e., a child is made to think she has murdered a baby as a sacrifice to Satan or another deity, (2) that whether or not a ritual is staged, the victim is bound into the real or faked belief system of the perpetrator(s).

1999
Schmuttermaier and Veno (1999) report that none of the counselors in their Australian study believe that their clients intentionally fabricated claims of ritual abuse.

1999 Ritual abuse was defined in the Dictionary of Psychology as “A method of control of people of all ages consisting of physical, sexual, and psychological mistreatment through the use of rituals” (Corsini, 1999, p. 848).

2004
Reverend Gerald Robinson, a Roman Catholic priest from the Diocese of Toledo, was indicted, eventually found guilty, for the 1980 Black Mass ritual killing of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl.

Barbara Blaine, an attorney who was abused by priests as a child and who founded the Chicago-based SNAP (Survivors Network for those Abused by Priests), stated, “Like many, I was in denial that ritual abuse was prevalent until my experiences with Catholic sexual abuse victims after founding SNAP.”

2007
A June 2007 review of psychological and medical peer-reviewed journals yielded 47 empirical studies of the Satanic Ritual Abuse phenomenon.

2007 International Extreme Abuse Surveys offered in English and German, indicate that ritual abuse (including SRA) is widespread. More than 2000 persons from 40 countries responded to one or more of the surveys for adult survivors of extreme abuse in childhood (EAS), for professionals who work with survivors who report extreme abuse (P-EAS), and for caregivers of children who disclose ritual abuse and its associated mind control. SRA related data are reported by Becker, Karriker, Overkamp, and Rutz (2008):

2008
Becker (2008) reported unpublished data from one of the above mentioned surveys, a 1997 study by Fröhling and German psychotherapist Michaela Huber. Of 354 cases in treatment for the aftereffects of ritual abuse by 126 therapists and counselors from 61 locations in Germany, 58% reported that they had been ritually abused in a satanic cult.

2008 There were 43 professional publications specific to Satanic Ritual Abuse from Adams, J. (2008). Case Studies of Ritual Abuse Survivors: From Abuse to Activism to Lacter, E. & Lehman, K (2008). Guidelines to Diagnosis of Ritual Abuse/Mind Control and Traumatic Stress.

In Ritual Abuse in the Twenty-First Century, German journalist, Ulla Fröhling (2008), writes about her study that was published as a book in 1996 titled Vater unser in der Hölle (Our Father Who Art in Hell). Reprinted in 2008, it is about the life of a German woman with a background of Satanic Ritual Abuse: The book had an impact: victims found a corroboration of their experiences in it, and doctors and trauma therapists who work with dissociative patients use it for workshops and training courses. A parliamentary inquiry examined the topic of ritual abuse, as did the Parliamentary select committee Sects and Psycho-Groups, which mentions the book several times in its concluding report. Three surveys on ritual abuse were carried out. Together with Michaela Huber’s textbook Multiple Personlichkeiten (Multiple Personalities), it changed the German public’s perception of one of the darkest areas of organized violence. (p. 355)

In Conclusion
There are a number of  websites and organizations who deal with survivors of Satanic Ritual Abuse. The three largest in the US and who hold yearly conferences for survivors and professionals in the field are:

Survivorship: Oakland, California
The Infinite Mind: Goldenrod, Florida
Mind Control: SMART Ritual Abuse Pages, Neil Brick, Connecticut

Neil Brick founder of SMART has excellent information on his website such as:

543 respondents reported that they were ritually abused in a satanic cult: 360 from the United States, 33 from Canada, 97 from Europe, and 53 from other countries. (p. 41)

Respondents on the P-EAS were asked to report the approximate number of their adult clients who had reported memories consistent with the abuses/tortures listed. Of 219 professionals who responded to the item: “Ritual abuse in a satanic cult,” 20 reported none, 56 reported 1, 74 reported between 2 and 10; 28 reported between 11 and 20; 41 reported more than 20. (p. 44)

55 caregivers reported that the child or children under their care had alleged a satanic cult as their perpetrator group. (p. 43)

Two web-based archives show legal proceedings and convictions related to SRA and other forms of SRA:

Conviction List: Ritual Child Abuse
The Satanism and Ritual Abuse Archive

For more psychological and legal evidence on the existence of SRA and other forms of RA see: Brief Synopsis of the Literature on the Existence of Ritualistic Abuse

References
Advocates for Survivors of Child Abuse. (2006). Ritual Abuse & Torture in Australia.
Becker, Th. & Fröhling, U. (1998). Handout: Rituelle Gewalt (Ritual Violence). Kult-und Ritual-Trauma-Institut. Lueneburg.

Becker, Th. (2008). Re-searching for new perspectives: Ritual abuse/ritual violence as ideologically motivated crime.

R. Noblitt & P. Noblitt (Eds.), Ritual Abuse in the Twenty-First Century (pp. 237-260). Bandon, OR: Robert D. Reed.

Becker, Th., Karriker, W., Overkamp, B., & Rutz, C. (2008). The Extreme Abuse Surveys: Preliminary findings regarding dissociative identity disorder.http://extreme-abuse-survey.net/

A. Sachs & G. Galton (Eds.), Forensic Aspects of Dissociative Identity Disorder (pp. 32-49). London: Karnac.

Bottoms, B. L., Shaver, P. R., & Goodman, G. S. (1996). An Analysis of Ritualistic and Religion-Related Child Abuse Allegations. Law and Human Behavior

Corsini, R. J. (1999). The Dictionary of Psychology. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel.
Fröhling, U. (1996). (2008). Vater unser in der Hölle (Our Father Who
Art in Hell). Bergisch-Gladbach: Luebbe.

Kent, S. (1997). Assessment of the Satanic Abuse Allegations in the (name deleted) Case. Online at http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/~skent/satanic.html

Schmuttermaier, J., & Veno, A. (1999). Counselors’ Beliefs About Ritual Abuse: An Australian study. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 8(3), 45-63. Abstract obtained from PsycINFO. No. 2000-13414-003.

Shaffer, R. E., & Cozolino, L.J. (1992). Adults Who Report Childhood Ritualistic Abuse. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 20(3), 188-193.

Van der Hart, O., Boon, S., & Heijtmajer J. O. (1997). Ritual Abuse in Europe: A Clinician’s Perspective. In G. A. Fraser (Ed.), The Dilemma of Ritual Abuse: Cautions and Guides for Therapists (pp. 137-163). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Young, W. C., Sachs, R. G., Braun, B. G., & Watkins, R. T. (1991). Patients Reporting Ritual Abuse in Childhood: A Clinical Syndrome. Report of 37 cases. Child Abuse and Neglect, 15(3), 181-189.

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